eOasis is Rajah & Tann Asia’s legal publications portal, where you can view updates on the latest key legal and regulatory developments in Asia, prepared from a practitioner's viewpoint.

What's New on eOASIS

Singapore's Cybersecurity Regime Set to Undergo Update - Cybersecurity (Amendment) Act Introduced in Parliament
In Singapore, the Cybersecurity Act regulates cybersecurity threats and incidents, critical information infrastructure ("CII"), and cybersecurity service providers. To keep pace with emerging threat factors and operational practicalities, the Cyber Security Agency of Singapore ("CSA") has introduced the Cybersecurity (Amendment) Bill ("Bill"). The main amendments in the Bill include the following:
  • Updating existing provisions relating to the cybersecurity of CII;
  • Expanding CSA's oversight to cover the cybersecurity of Systems of Temporary Cybersecurity Concern; and
  • Creating two new classes of regulated entities – Entities of Special Cybersecurity Interest and Foundational Digital Infrastructure.
This Update highlights some of the key features of the Bill and its proposed amendments, as well as CSA's insights on the operation of the Bill's provisions and its intentions for future engagement with stakeholders.
19 Apr 2024 | Singapore
MAS Launches COSMIC Platform for FIs to Share Information on Customers Exhibiting Red Flags to Combat ML/TF
On 1 April 2024, the Monetary Authority of Singapore ("MAS") launched COSMIC (Collaborative Sharing of Money Laundering / Terrorism Financing (ML/TF) Information & Cases), the first centralised digital platform to facilitate the sharing of customer information among prescribed financial institutions ("Prescribed FIs") to combat money laundering ("ML"), terrorism financing ("TF"), and proliferation financing ("PF") globally.

On the same day, the Financial Services and Markets Act 2022 ("FSMA") was amended to set out the legal basis and safeguards for such sharing. On 28 March 2024, the MAS Notice FSM-N02 Prevention of Money Laundering and Countering the Financing of Terrorism - Financial Institutions' Information Sharing Platform ("COSMIC Notice") was issued, providing MAS' requirements for the Prescribed FIs to establish and implement robust controls to facilitate the sharing of risk information on COSMIC and protect the confidentiality of the information being shared and the interests of legitimate customers. The COSMIC Notice took effect on 1 April 2024, save for the provisions dealing with outsourcing arrangements which will take effect on or after 11 December 2024, together with the coming into effect of the MAS Notice 658 on Management of Outsourced Relevant Services for Banks.

With the launch of COSMIC, the Prescribed FIs in this initial phase (expected to last for approximately two years after its launch) currently comprise the six banks who co-developed COSMIC together with MAS (DBS, OCBC, UOB, Citibank, HSBC, and Standard Chartered Bank). As a start, COSMIC will focus on three key financial crime risks in commercial banking: (i) misuse of legal persons; (ii) misuse of trade finance for illicit purposes; and (iii) PF. Under COSMIC, FIs can securely share with one another information on a "relevant party" who exhibits multiple "red flags" that may indicate potential financial crime concerns along the lines of (i) to (iii), if stipulated conditions and thresholds are met. A "relevant party" is a person who is, or who seeks to be, or who has been, a customer of a Prescribed FI, and who has been prescribed as such under subsidiary legislation.

This Update outlines key requirements under the FSMA and the COSMIC Notice.
18 Apr 2024 | Singapore
Key Changes to the Occupational Safety and Health Legislation in Malaysia

The Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 ("OSHA") establishes the legal framework relating to the occupational safety and health in Malaysia. The overall objectives of the OSHA are to:

(a)        secure the safety, health and welfare of persons at work against risks to safety or health arising out of the activities of persons at work;

(b)        protect persons at a place of work other than persons at work against risks to safety or health arising out of the activities of persons at work;

(c)        promote an occupational environment for persons at work which is adapted to their physiological and psychological needs; and

(d)        provide the means where the associated legislation on occupational safety and health may be progressively replaced by a set of regulations and approved industry codes of practice operating in combination with the provisions of the OSHA designed to maintain or improve the standards of safety and health.

After almost three decades, the Occupational Safety and Health (Amendment) Act 2022 ("Amendment Act") was passed with royal assent on 4 March 2022. It will come into force on 1 June 2024, together with two new subsidiary legislation, namely the Occupational Safety and Health (Plant Requiring Certificate of Fitness) Regulations 2024 and the Occupational Safety and Health (Licensed Person) Order 2024. The Amendment Act brings about substantial amendments to the OSHA which seeks to enhance the existing legislation on occupational, safety and health in Malaysia, in particular by expanding the scope and applicability of the OSHA to all places of work throughout Malaysia including the public services and statutory authorities, with very limited exceptions.

This Update provides some of the significant amendments introduced by the Amendment Act.

16 Apr 2024 | Malaysia
MAS Targets to Repeal RFMC Regime on 1 August 2024, Shares Implementation and Transitional Arrangements
On 28 March 2024, the Monetary Authority of Singapore ("MAS") issued its Response to feedback received on the Consultation Paper on the Repeal of Regulatory Regime for Registered Fund Management Companies ("RFMCs") covering the following:

(a) Its intention to repeal the regulatory regime for RFMCs on 1 August 2024. Existing RFMCs intending to continue with regulated fund management activity after the date of the repeal must apply to become licensed fund management companies that are restricted to serving accredited or institutional investors ("A/I LFMCs").

(b) The implementation and transitional arrangements, such as application to be an A/I LFMC, the continuity of operations during applications and applicable requirements.

This Update highlights key points RFMCS should note and action to prepare for the repeal of the RFMC regime.

12 Apr 2024 | Singapore