Kala Anandarajah.JPEG

Kala Anandarajah, PBM

Head, Competition & Antitrust and Trade
Lead Partner, Corporate Governance
Rajah & Tann Singapore LLP

Practice Area:

Competition & Antitrust and Trade
Employment & Benefits
Corporate Governance

LLB (Hons) National University of Singapore, 1989
MBA (Banking & Finance) Nanyang Technological University, 1997
Advocate & Solicitor, Supreme Court of Singapore, 1990

T +65 6232 0111
E kala.anandarajah@rajahtann.com

Cited as Top 100 Women in Antitrust in the World by the Global Competition Review 2013 (the only external counsel in Singapore). Winner of Euromoney Legal Media Group Asia Women in Business Law Awards 2014 AND 2015 for Competition & Antitrust.  Awarded Best Lawyer in Competition & Antitrust in Singapore by Best Lawyers 2015. Commended External Counsel of the Year 2016 by the Inhouse Community. Chambers Asia 2014, 2015 and 2016 say Kala is lauded for her ‘solid, can-do attitude and excellent client management skills… She is top-notch in competition law matters and is very good at working out a strategic solution to a legal problem... …. one of the few practitioners who is truly at the cutting edge….’ Clients give her exceptional praise, deeming her “superbly responsive, very hard-working, solution-oriented and reliable.”  AsiaLaw Leading Lawyers 2014 highlights that ‘Kala is the complete package for all competition issues in ASEAN’. Kala was in 2014 awarded the Public Service Medal (Pingat Bakti Masyarakat) which is conferred by the President of Singapore for her public service to the Workplace Safety and Health Council, Ministry of Manpower. 

Kala heads the Competition & Antitrust and Trade Practice and leads the Corporate Governance Practice.  Kala has over two decades of experience. Always a forerunner in niche areas of the law, her key area of practice is Competition and Trade, areas which she has been involved in from inception. Her other areas include Corporate Governance, Employment, Environmental (EHS) and Telco/Media Laws, where she has formidable accolades. She advises multinational corporations as well local companies across the region on such matters. She has had many firsts in her career, handling difficult and complex matters, demystifying and simplifying issues to achieve the clients’ aim.

Kala has been involved in major cartel / abuse investigations, cross-border mergers / other notifications, leniency applications, and also handles dawn-raids, complaints, consultation, counselling, compliance, training and implementation of competition laws across the region. One career highlight, amongst many, includes the win for “Behavioural Matter of the Year – Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa” category - GCR Award 2013 for her work for Coca Cola (Singapore) Beverages Pte Ltd. Another major matter that Kala was involved in was in successfully acting for the immunity applicants, JTEKT Corporation and its Singapore subsidiary, Koyo Singapore Bearing (Pte) Ltd, in the first international cartel decision issued by the Competition Commission of Singapore ('CCS'). The decision issued on 27 May 2014 is also the first cartel decision by the CCS involving both the foreign parent companies and their Singapore subsidiaries.

The AsiaPacific Legal 500 notes that ‘Kala Anandarajah … is a leading authority in corporate governance, compliance and competition issues …’ and is ‘responsive, helpful and commercial’. The Who’s Who of Leading Practitioners Singapore describes her as ‘highly active and very good’ and an ‘acknowledged authority in this field’ who holds a ‘number of very high profile positions’.   She is cited as amongst the Best of the Best - Women in Business Law 2010, 2012 and 2014 for her work in Antitrust and Competition Law and for Corporate Governance, and nominated at the end of 2011, 2012 and again for 2013 for her work in competition and antitrust for the Asia Women in Business Law Award by the Euromoney Leading Lawyers. Kala has also been cited as a leading lawyer in Competition & Antitrust and in Corporate Governance for more than a decade in international peer reviewed ranking journals such as International Who’s Who of Leading Lawyers and Euromoney Experts Guide to the World’s Leading Lawyers. Kala has also received citations for her work in Trade laws, Environmental laws and Employment and Labour laws.

Kala is a prolific writer and is widely published, with many of her books being first publications in Singapore and the region and now leading texts relied upon by many lawyers, other professionals and businessmen.  She has written over half a dozen legal books on Corporate Governance, Competition and Antitrust, Trade, Bills of Sale, Bankruptcy, Auditors and more.  Her recent books include ASEAN Competition Law, which she is Co-General Editor of and Corporate Governance - Practice & Issues, which she is sole author of.  The latest edition of her book, Corporate Governance – Practice & Issues will be released soon.  Kala has conducted a number of lectures internationally, including the UK, the US, South Africa, Austria, Japan, China, India, Korea, the United Arab Emirates, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Malaysia and Maldives in her areas of expertise. 

Kala also sits on various boards, including the Building and Construction Authority, the Workplace Safety And Health Council, and the Singapore Institute of Legal Education.

Citations / Accolades

Kala is cited as a leading lawyer in the following international legal ranking journals:

  • Award - The Public Service Medal (Pingat Bakti Masyarakat) conferred by the President of Singapore – 2014
  • Commended External Counsel of the Year 2016, voted by the Inhouse Community – Inhouse Counsels,
  • Winner - Euromoney Legal Media Group Asia Women in Business Law Awards 2014 and again for 2015 for Competition & Antitrust
  • Cited, Top 100 Women in Antitrust in the World by the Global Competition Review 2013 (only external counsel in Singapore)
  • Nominated – Asia Women in Business Law Award by the Euromoney Leading Lawyers 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 (Winner), and 2015 (Winner) for Competition & Antitrust
  • Best of the Best - Women in Business Law 2010, in 2012, in 2014 and most recently in 2015/6  for her work in Antitrust and Competition Law and for Corporate Governance
  • Best Lawyer – Antitrust Singapore, 2010 to 2016 and named Lawyer of the Year 2015 for Competition & Antitrust in Singapore
  • Elite, Global Competition Review, 2014, 2015, 2016 (Highly Recommended 2012, 2013)
  • An International Who’s Who of Leading Competition & Antitrust Lawyers in 2007 to 2016.
  • Euromoney Experts Guide to the World’s Leading Competition & Antitrust Lawyers 2004 to 2016.
  • Leading Lawyer in PLC Which Leading Competition & Antitrust Lawyer 2008 to 2013.
  • International Financial Law Review Leading Competition & Antitrust Lawyers 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011.
  • AsiaLaw Leading Lawyer in Competition & Antitrust 2006 to 2016.
  • An International Who’s Who of Leading Corporate Governance Lawyers in 2001to 2016.
  • Euromoney Experts Guide to the World’s Leading Corporate Governance Lawyers 2003 to 2016.
  • International Financial Law Review Leading Corporate Governance Lawyers 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011.
  • AsiaLaw Leading Lawyer in Corporate Governance 2006 to 2015.
  • Recommended Corporate Governance Lawyer in Cross-border Corporate Governance Handbook 2008/2009.
  • Prominent Practitioner Corporate Governance Lawyer in PLC Which Lawyer 2008, 2009, 2010.
  • An International Who’s Who of the World’s Leading Environmental Lawyers 2005 to 2013.
  • Euromoney Experts Guide to the World’s Leading Environmental Lawyers 2007/2008, 2009/2010.
  • An International Who’s Who of the World’s Leading Labour and Lawyers 2013, 2014.
  • AsiaLaw Leading Lawyer in Labour & Employment 2009, 2011.
  • PLC Leading Lawyers – Labour and Employment 2006/2007.
  • Euromoney Experts Guide to the World’s Leading Trade Lawyers 2008.
Experience

Kala’s experience is varied and always focused on cutting edge areas of practice.  Her experience includes:

A. Competition & Antitrust Related Work

Kala heads the Competition & Antitrust and Trade Law Practice which has been voted as Competition Law Firm of the Year by various international peer reviewed publications on several occasions. She has been and continues to be involved in every major cartel/dominance investigation and several merger and other voluntary notifications and leniency applications. She obtained (i) the first two successful Decisions through voluntary notification in Singapore involving Qantas Airways, (ii) the first price fixing cartel involving express buses, where the parties that she acted for had their fines reduced by between 25% and 75% by the Competition Commission, and by nearly 50% on appeal to the Competition Appeals Board, (iii) the first merger Decision which was not notified anywhere else in the world apart from Singapore, (iv) lodged and argued the first two appeals before the Competition Appeal Board. Notably, she also drafted the Singapore Airport Competition Code for the Regulator, and is now drafting the converged Telco/Media Competition Code for the Brunei Regulator. She acted in a ground breaking matter for Coca Cola (Singapore) Beverages Pte Ltd in reaching an unprecedented settlement with the Competition Commission of Singapore, resulting in the investigations ing closed and a potential multi-million dollar savings in fines – this work was awarded the Behavioural Matter of the Year-Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa Award 2013 by Global Competition review. She also worked on the long standing notification involving Visa and a number of banks in relation to multicurrency issues, where the decision was issued recently. She was also the first to apply for and obtain a leniency in the first international cartel to break in Singapore. Her areas of expertise spreads over multiple industries such as aviation, banking, insurance and finance, healthcare, electronics, music and entertainment, manufacturing, technology, telcos, paper, medical, pharmaceuticals, construction, hospitality, advertising, books and more.

Merger Clearances & Advice
  • Undertook a 90+ multi jurisdiction review of merger control laws, and advising parties on where and when notification will be required. Worked on obtaining clearance in Germany, Turkey and Korea.
  • Acted for Philippine distiller Emperador, the world’s largest brandy producer, in advising on the competition issues in relation to Philippines (working with local counsel) in relation to its acquisition from Illinois-based Beam Suntory of its Spanish brandy and sherry business for 275 million euros ($291 million). The assets purchased includeds Spain’s largest and oldest brandy cellars, the Bodegas Fundador, established in 1730.
  • Acted for CityNet Infrastructure Management Pte Ltd ("CityNet"), CitySpring Infrastructure Management Pte Ltd (“CSIM”), CitySpring Infrastructure Trust (“CIT”), Keppel Infrastructure Fund Management Pte Ltd (“KIFM”) and Keppel Infrastructure Trust (“KIT”) in obtaining competition law clearance from the Infocomm Development Authority on the Combination of CitySpring Infrastructure Trust and Keppel Infrastructure Trust given the combination/merger of KIT and CIT which created the largest Singapore infrastructure-focused business trust with total assets of over US$2.85 billion.
  • Acted for SATS Ltd. (“SATS”) and its wholly-owned subsidiary Singapore Food Industries Pte. Ltd. (“SFI”) in managing a confidential request for advice vis-à-vis the CCS and obtaining a successful response in the formation of a joint venture with BRF GmbH, a subsidiary of BRF S.A.
  • Acted for a major play in the entertainment industry in its bid to acquire another player, and working on issues relating to sectoral merger clearance.
  • We advised CITIC Limited ("CITIC") and (as joint counsel) CKM (Cayman) Company Limited on the competition aspects of the Pre-conditional voluntary offer for United Envirotech Ltd by a consortium vehicle - CKM (Cayman) Company Limited ("Offeror") - between CITIC Limited ("CITIC")and Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. L.P. ("KKR"), including whether to notify and the need for a condition precedent as part of the transaction documentation. This involved defining the various markets in which the parties were involved in and assessing the impact of the merger in Singapore. We concluded that no notification was required.
  • Acted for Lafarge SA and its subsidiaries/affiliates in Singapore in obtaining a merger clearance in their global merger and both Lafarge SA and Holcim Inc and their respective subsidiaries/affiliates in Vietnam, where a following liaising with the regulator a merger notification was avoided.
  • Acted and obtained clearance for both Daifuku Co. Ltd., one of the top 3 suppliers of automated handling systems in the world,and BCS Group Limited, is a multi-million dollar manufacturer of baggage handling systems for airports and courier sortation systems for logistics companies, in its merger notification to the Competition Commission of Singapore following the acquisition of the latter by the former.
  • Acted for a major beverage corporation in relation to its bid to acquire a corporation based in Africa, and reviewed whether merger notification necessary in Singapore.
  • Acted for Massimo Zanetti Beverage Group SpA on all merger notification issues involving Singapore and some of the regional countries its acquisition of the Boncafé group, which has operations in Southeast Asia and the Middle East. The aggregate value of the deal is US$85 million and includes the acquisition of Boncafé's roasting plants in Thailand and Singapore.
  • Acted for KGI Securities (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. on all merger notification issues in its acquisition of the entire share capital of Ong First Tradition Pte. Ltd. The aggregate value of the deal was approximately S$50 million.
  • Acted for Geostr Corporation on all merger notification issues, including in Singapore, Korea, PRC, Malaysia, Vietnam and India, in relation to its Joint Venture with Marubeni-Itochu Steel Pte Ltd and Robin Village International (Pte) Ltd, the wholly-owned subsidiary of mainboard-listed construction group and property developer, Tiong Seng Holdings Limited.
  • Advised a global cloud computing company on the competition and antitrust aspects of a US$90 million acquisition involving an international enterprise solutions and integration business
  • Conducted a market analysis of Singapore’s travel industry and advised on the competition and antitrust aspects of a S$62 million acquisition involving a retail travel business
  • Advised a TSE-listed civil engineering company on the antitrust aspects of a S$14.5 million regional joint venture
  • Acted for Singapore Airlines Ltd on all preliminary competition issues involving a proposed new venture to be undertaken with several other Asian airlines. Competition review covered the EU, US, Australia, China, Singapore, Malaysia and several other countries.
  • Acted for Temasek Holdings in its preliminary assessments and concluding where merger notifications would/would not be necessary in its bid to merge with Ascendas.
  • Acted for Riverside Fund and Xpanasia in their planned acquisition of 100% of the voting shares in Grid Communications ("Grid"), a provider of public trunked radio services in Singapore. A Long Form or Short Form Consolidation Application was prepared and submitted to the Inforcommunications Development Authority of Singapore. The matter was aborted eventually as the sellers had decided not to proceed.
  • Obtained a merger clearance from the Competition Commission of Singapore in relation to the acquisition by Asia Renal Care (Singapore) Pte Ltd, a company involved in the Renal Dialysis Business, of shares in Orthe Pte Ltd and KTC Pte Ltd, amongst other entities.
  • Advised on all merger issues involving more than one country (including Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia – working with respective local counsels) as local counsel for Danone Inc in its bid to acquire Pfizer’s food and nutrition business.
  • Acted for Fortis Global Healthcare Mauritius Limited on all Competition law related issues in its proposed (but failed) offer for all of the shares of Parkway Holdings Limited, a company listed on the Main Board of the Singapore Exchange Securities Trading Limited.
  • Acted for Fortis Global Healthcare Mauritius Limited, a subsidiary of Fortis Healthcare Limited, on all Competition law related issues in its acquisition of a 23.9% stake in Parkway Holdings Limited, a company listed on the Main Board of the Singapore Exchange Securities Trading Limited.
  • Acted for a large Malaysian multinational corporation in the aviation sector in relation to their joint venture with an Italian corporation in reviewing all competition law concerns for merger notification purposes across multiple jurisdictions. The transaction eventually did not proceed.
  • Acted as Singapore counsel on all Competition law related issues for the Lonza Group in Singapore in relation to the share purchase with Genentech Inc.
  • Obtained a merger clearance from the Competition Commission of Singapore in relation to the acquisition of the bonding wire business of Kulicke and Soffa Industries, Inc. by W.C. Heraeus GmbH.
  • Obtained merger clearance from the Competition Commission of Singapore in relation to the acquisition by Chartered Semiconductor Manufacturing Ltd. of Hitachi Semiconductor Pte Ltd. This is the first merger clearance obtained, where the Notification was only undertaken in Singapore, although the transaction was a global one.
  • Advised on all Competition law concerns as Singapore counsel in relation to the acquisition by Kulicke & Soffa Industries, I  of Orthodyne Electronics.
  • Advised various bidders (including the successful bidder, Lion Power Consortium, which included Marubeni and GDF, for the sale of Senoko Pte Ltd, one of the larger power generation companies sold) on all 3 acquisitions of the power generation companies in Singapore, which were sold by Temasek Holdings, on all aspects of merger and antitrust concerns which fell under the purview of the Energy Market Authority jurisdiction, including engaging the Energy Market Authority and writing in for various exemptions.
  • Engaged in Pre-Notification Discussions with the Competition Commission of Singapore as a preliminary to merger filing even where the matter was not eventually lodged with the Competition Commission.
  • Advised on all Competition law concerns as Singapore counsel in relation to the contemplated merger between two European corporations active in the international electronic components sector, which merger failed to eventually proceed.
  • Advised extensively on a joint venture in the petroleum industry which was created to carry out certain functions for the joint venture parties in relation to all Competition law concerns and whether clearances had to be obtained.
  • Provided extensive advice in relation to a joint venture between several corporations in the ready-mix and cement industry and studied whether a merger clearance had to be obtained.
  • Acting in several merger matters, being studied for whether clearance required in Singapore, China, Indonesia etc.
  • Assisted with implementing merger guidelines compliance programme, including manual and training.
Notification For Decision / Guidance On Anti-Competitive Agreements & Dominance
  • Advised as local counsel Qantas Airways in obtaining clearance for its coordination activities with Emirates.
  • Acted as local counsel for Qantas and Jetstar in obtaining clearance for its coordination activities with the entire Qantas and Jetstar Group.
  • Acted for a major local bank and another institution in the payment industry in relation to a notification lodged by Visa and various financial institutions relating to multicurrency fee exchange.
  • Acted for a major MNC in the Food and Nutrition industry in relation to a notification relating to its distribution arrangements.
  • Acted for two major international music corporations in the notification for clearance of the licensing arrangement entered into between them.
  • Obtained ruling in a confidential Notification for Guidance in respect of an agreement between the largest local financial institutions and a major payment scheme operator in the financial industry in Singapore.
  • Acted for Qantas Airways Ltd and British Airways Pte Ltd in obtaining a Decision from the Competition Commission of Singapore in relation to their cooperation, the first public decision to be issued by the Competition Commission in Singapore.
  • Successfully acted for Qantas Airways Ltd and Orangestar Holdings Pte Ltd in obtaining a Decision from the Competition Commission of Singapore in relation to their cooperation, the second public decision to be issued by the Competition Commission in Singapore.
  • Provided extensive advice on an agreement involving two large corporations in the payment scheme / financial industry in relation to anti-competition implications from their proposed arrangement relating to payment cards.
Investigations & Disputes
  • Acting in the chicken cartel in relation to the cartel investigations involving price fixing and a non-aggression pact involving the sale of fresh chicken
  • Acting for two separate chains in investigations involving the hospitality industry, in relation to cartel behavior.
  • Acting for a major international bank in relation to investigations arising in and around Forex and NDFs.
  • Acting for more than one party in investigations involving capacitors. Project Cactus et al
  • Acting for a major international bank in relation to investigations arising in and around SIBOR. Project Feather.
  • Acted for eight financial advisers at various stages of the investigation in relation to an agreement to keep a new entrant out of the market, and eventually assisted with the representations in relation to the Provisional Infringement Decision involving one party and having the penalties for that party reduced.
  • Acted for a major player in an investigation in the hospitality industry in and around alleged cartel behavior.
  • Acted for several major corporations in the insurance industry in investigations involved alleged cartel behavior arising out of the agreement on terms and conditions.
  • Acted for a major multinational corporation in its bid to object to the Applied Materials and Tokyo Electron.
  • Successfully acted for the immunity applicants, JTEKT Corporation ('JTEKT') and its Singapore subsidiary, Koyo Singapore Bearing (Pte) Ltd ('KSBP'), in the first international cartel decision issued by the Competition Commission of Singapore ('CCS'). The decision issued on 27 May 2014 is also the first cartel decision by the CCS involving both the foreign parent companies and their Singapore subsidiaries. Whilst the total financial penalties imposed on the parties by the CCS amounted to S$9,306,977, JTEKT and KSBP were granted full immunity for being the first to have disclosed the cartel to the CCS before an investigation had started.
  • Acted and successfully reached a settlement with the Competition Commission of Singapore in an abuse investigation involving Coca Cola Singapore Beverages Pte Ltd, a major multinational corporation in the non-alcoholic beverage manufacturer and distributor, resulting in the investigations being closed with no finding on liability and potentially averting a multi-million dollar fines. Acted for a trade association in the financial industry investigated by the Competition Commission of the Singapore and in successfully bringing the matter to a close with no infringement found, but subject to confidential undertakings provided.
  • Acted in a cartel investigation for one of the largest freight company in the world with operations in Japan and Singapore in an on-going involving the freight forwarding industry.
  • Acted in an abuse of dominance investigation involving the financial industry in 2 separate matters, which was only recently concluded with no infringement found following approximately 2 years of investigations.
  • Acted for four companies in their appeal to the Competition Appeal Board against the CCS decision which found them liable of price-fixing together with 12 other express bus companies and their trade association, Express Bus Agencies Association (‘EBAA’) in relation to their bus operations between Singapore and Malaysia and Thailand, managing to reduce the financial penalties imposed on them by up to nearly 45%. The combined financial penalties that had been imposed on these four appellants alone accounted for more than half of the total S$1.7 million penalty that had been imposed.
  • Acted for entities in the advertising industry in relation to a cartel investigation, but which matter did not go further.
  • Acted for the APRIL Group and various individual respondents in relation to a paper cartel in Korea and Australia, and managed the settlement process as instructing counsel to effectively reach a satisfactory settlement in Australia, where inter alia the case against a number of the companies and all the individual respondents were dismissed.
  • Acted as Singapore counsel for Singapore Airlines Cargo Ltd in the global cartel investigation involving fuel surcharges.
  • Acting for passenger carriers in the global cartel investigation involving fuel surcharges.
  • Acting in several other on-going cartel investigations involving various trade associations and others in multiple industries and other entities as well, all of which are confidential and cannot be named.
  • Acting in several on-going non-cartel investigations involving dominance, particularly on abuse concerns relating to pricing, imposition of various trade terms etc, all of which are confidential and cannot be named.
  • Assisting more than one party in preparing and putting in an application for leniency at various Competition Commissions in the region, involving differing industries.
  • Successfully reduced penalties payable for the several parties acted for, including the trade association, Express Bus Agencies Association, in the cartel involving the express bus operations between Singapore and Malaysia and Thailand, the first price fixing cartel decision to be issued by the Competition Commission of Singapore.
  • Advised on an extensive arbitration involving Competition law issues out of Indonesia and relating to the supply of products in relation to infrastructure involving Indonesian Law. This matter also required intimate involvement in designing a set of survey questions, working with consultants to gather relevant data, analyse and consolidate the data and additional information and putting together a report on the industry.
  • Successfully acted for NETS in investigations carried out by the Competition Commission of Singapore in respect of a complaint by CASE for alleged anti-competitive activities in providing SME Merchants entry criteria.
  • Successfully acted for NETS in investigations carried out by the Competition Commission of Singapore in respect of a complaint by CASE for alleged abuse of dominance in raising merchant fees.
  • Acted for Stansfield Group in a complaint lodged with the Competition Commission of Singapore against CASE and NTUC for anti-competitive behaviour.
  • Successfully wrote in representations to the Competition Commission of Singapore in relation to investigations undertaken by the Commission in relation to potential bid rigging and price fixing matter involving a pacific level in the construction industry.
  • Successfully acted for a major insurer in investigations carried out by the Competition Commission of Singapore in relation to a complaint involving anti-competitive agreements between the insurer and another party, with issues including tying and bundling.
Competition Law Advice On Agreements, Contracts, Arrangements etc
  • Advising a trade association in the financial industry as regards the best approach on various charges to be introduced as pass through costs.
  • Acted for a major petroleum corporation in relation to a potential cooperation arrangement being considered, and ascertaining the best structure to adopt.
  • Acted for a major airline in relation to potential alliances and other arrangements in competition issues and concerns that could arise.
  • Acted for a major beverage corporation in relation to agreements for distributorships and how best to structure the arrangements.
  • Acted for a major insurance corporation in relation to certain practices and whether those practices and arrangement violate Competition law.
  • Acted for several airlines from various countries on various aspects of competition and antitrust issues, leasing, financing etc issues, the names of which are confidential.
  • Advised various corporations on Competition law issues in various countries involving a distributorship relationship by a potentially large player, who could in some jurisdictions have dominance.
  • Acted for a life insurance trade association in relation to the collation and exchange of certain critical information.
  • Acted for several of the largest regional telecommunication corporations on various aspects of Competition law issues in the region.
  • Advising various corporation on Competition law issues, including cartels, abuses of dominance, mergers etc. in various Asian countries.
  • Advising large corporations with international operations on potential raid and action to be taken, including preparation of raid team.
  • Advised extensively on validity of 50–50 joint venture vis-à-vis Competition law.
  • Advised shareholders of a dominant player in the financial industry with exclusionary practices on modifications to be made to their arrangements.
  • Prepared application for request to issue block exemption to a particular industry.
  • Advised on price fixing and assisting with unwinding of certain transactions to ensure compliance with Competition law.
  • Advised listed company on whether the conduct of due diligence will be struck down as anti-competitive as it involves information sharing, and how to deal with this situation.
Regulatory, Compliance & Training
  • Drafted the Telco-Media legislation, including the legislation empowering the regulator, restructured the licensing mechanism, drafting the Converged Competition Code as well as relevant internal and external guidelines for the implementation of the new regulatory frameworks for the Telco and Media industries for the Authority of Info-communications Technology Industry in Brunei Darussalam
  • Assisted a large Malaysian based corporation involved in the media industry in making submissions to the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission in relation to the Authority’s proposed revised competition and regulatory practice
  • Drafted Singapore Airport Competition Code for the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore
  • Provided competition compliance audit, verification, and review of practices in relation for several major players in the banking and financial industry, undertaking training and putting together compliance manuals.
  • Reviewed and updated as regional counsel the fair trade practices compliance measures in place in several jurisdictions for a major steel MNC.
  • Provided competition compliance audit, verification, and review of practices in relation to a major motor vehicle manufacturer and distributor and conducting relevant training.
  • Provided competition compliance audit, verification, and review of practices in relation to the tobacco industry and conducting relevant training.
  • Provided detailed training to one of the largest Australian steel companies in Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam.
  • Provided detailed advise to corporation in the engineering and technology industry, in the insurance industry, in the petroleum industry, in the logistics industry, in the utilities industry, in the aviation and airline industry, and others on the impact of Competition law on their activities including extensive due diligence exercise and contract review, and drafting compliance protocols.
  • Drafting competition compliance manual for Singapore arm of large multinational electronics corporation, for Singapore arm of large US based financial institution with international presence, for large Singapore incorporated Conglomerate with regional presence and others.
  • Providing trade associations advice on impact of Competition law and reviewing all market agreements.
  • Reviewed agreements and other documentation of several corporations from multiple industries to ensure compliance with impending Competition law, including drafting appropriate clauses in agreements bearing in mind impending legislation.
  • Wrote in representations on behalf of several clients from multiple industries on the newly released Competition Law Consultation Paper and Draft Competition Law Bill in 2004.
  • Conducted extensive training on the proposed Competition law in Singapore, including Section 34, Section 47 and Market Definition Guidelines to clients in varying industries as well as public seminars.
  • Conducted training in various Asian countries, including Vietnam, Laos and Brunei for the regulations to better understand Competition Policy and Regulation.
  • Advising on multi-jurisdictional Competition law and its impact on doing business.
  • Advised on situations involving departing employees and directors & officers and other matters of antitrust agreements.
B. Trade Related Experience

On Trade Law, Kala has been involved in advising multinational corporations on trade agreements between governments, handled export and import permit applications and clearances involving strategic and various other regulated and prohibited goods, advises extensively on strategic and controlled goods, advised and assisted with voluntary disclosure programmes, dealt with product recall matters, advised and drafted warehousing and other logistics agreements and more.  She also advises regularly on anti-dumping matters, and further has had to advised on the TPP, AEC and other trade treaties. She is experienced in managing the advisory process in multiple stakeholder scenarios where the deliverables will have significant impact on trade.  Additionally, Kala has also conducted extensive training on trade related issues across ASEAN countries for regulators to enhance trade understanding, as well as competition policies.  She advises multinational corporations plus local companies across the region, and has conducted extensive training in competition policy, WTO and FTA issues, working with ITIS and other bodies in Lao, Cambodia and Vietnam, amongst other countries.  She is perhaps the only Singapore lawyer cited as a leading Trade lawyer by international legal ranking journals.  The practice she leads has recently been cited as a Band 1 practice for South East Asia Trade /WTO by Chambers Asia 2016. Chambers 2016 specifically notes that "The firm's responsiveness and communications have been top-notch. They combine deep knowledge of the law with an awareness of commercial realities and the market. Their general operations are very smooth and seamless."

  • Advising several clients currently in relation to goods to be exported to prohibited jurisdictions, managing the exports and getting clearances from Singapore Customs.
  • Advising several companies currently in relation to different types of strategic goods compliance issues and managing voluntary disclosure obligations with the Singapore Customs.
  • Advising on product recall issues, possible disclosure concerns in relation to medical devices and managing disclosures in several ASEAN countries.
  • Advice and assist in structuring of flow of payments for goods to be delivered to sanctioned countries.
  • Advised on food and food related products and import and export issues, including labeling requirements.
  • Advised on the import and export rules relating to beer in various ASEAN countries plus India.
  • Advised on major anti-dumping mater involving Singapore, strategic plans on how to raise complaint through the relevant Ministry of Trade.
  • Advised on all aspects of carriage of goods issues by land and by sea, reviewing relevant documentation, advising on liability issues regularly.
  • Advised extensively on relevant rules and regulations in setting up a freight carriage business, preparing relevant documentation, reviewing carriage of goods laws.
  • Advising on permit and other requirements in relation to Strategic Goods for a major US-based multinational corporation.
  • Advised a multinational corporation on trade sanctions involving Iraq and the import of certain specified goods from and compliance requirements therefore involving Switzerland, South Africa, Singapore and Australia.
  • Advised a multinational corporation on what prohibitions US citizens subjected to, whether they are based in the US or otherwise as regards trade related matters.
  • Advised German based multinational corporation on the imposition of export-import boycott requirements into a trade related agreement involving Israel.
  • Advised EU based corporation on the export-import of goods into Liberia, Iraq, and various other Middle Eastern countries, focusing on trade sanctions and trade restrictions.
  • Advised various other corporations from time to time on structuring legitimately the export of goods such that the origin is viewed as coming from a different jurisdiction so as to comply with trade restrictions and sanctions.
  • Advised a US based multinational corporation involved in the semiconductor business on issues relating to strategic goods, where the appropriate permits were not obtained for export of the strategic goods, and assisting with clearing the export.
  • Advised regularly on UN sanctions, on prohibited trade, including in relation to Iran, Iraq, Libya and various other countries.
  • Advised and assisting the US based multinational corporation involved in the semiconductor business on the best structure to adopt with the permitting requirements for their exports and imports into Singapore, as well as assisting with their requisite applications to obtain the permits.
  • Represented a global telecommunication company on issues with the Singapore and Hong Kong customs regarding Strategic Goods Permit. The matter involved goods being detained due to inaccurate trade documents having been obtained. We successfully worked towards having the goods released, having coordinated the matter with the Singapore customs as well as the Hong Kong customs and the relevant strategic goods divisions.
  • Advised extensively and intimately on the Singapore law aspects and coordinated the recall in Singapore of an electronic product manufactured and distributed by a corporation based in the EU. The recall involved coordination through a number of different jurisdictions.
  • Advised extensively and intimately at different times on the Singapore law aspects on product recall issues involving goods in the medical industry, the semiconductor industry and in the electronics industry.
  • Advised a major multinational corporation on anti-dumping concerns involving the EU as well as Indonesia, and assisted in managing the pricing of the products so as to ensure relevant rules were not violated.
  • Advised Vietnamese counsel on an anti-dumping dispute arising between corporations based in Vietnam and India.
  • Advised various other corporations from time to time on anti-dumping issues and structuring transactions so that it does not violate anti-dumping rules, whilst nevertheless keeping with competition and antitrust rules.
  • Advised a regional foundry based primarily in Singapore and with a manufacturing plant in Singapore and China, on issues relating to country of origin of certain products that it resold to another party in the EU.
  • Advised extensively on a number of issues from time to time relating to the United Nations Sale of Goods Convention.
  • Advised extensively on a number of issues from time to time arising out of the United Nations Transboundary Transportation of Hazardous Goods Convention.
  • Advised and drafted various multinational corporations on warehousing' logistics and other forms of agreements.
  • Advised on Retention of Title Clauses across several jurisdictions.
C. Corporate / Contract Related Experience:

Kala’s extensive corporate and corporate governance plus telco/media experience sees her acting in an advisory capacity for a number of companies. On corporate, she has been involved in various forms of contract negotiation, from large cross-border private M&A and Joint Venture transactions to localised ones in varied industries, including in relation to renal dialysis and other aspects of the healthcare industry, payment systems, telecommunications, reseller arrangements, various forms of aviation, airport, carriers related contracts, manufacturing, sale and purchase of shares or goods, joint venture agreements, alliances, franchising and distribution, logistics and warehousing contracts, employment agreements and others. Her clientele in this regard range from the large MNCs to local companies. She also regularly advises on structures, reviews agreements and provides commercial solutions to various corporate and commercial business transactions. One of her key areas is drafting and managing talent agreements for production of all forms of advertisements across Asia and further afield. She has also drafted cooperation and production agreements in this regard.

  • Regularly draft and review various forms of procurement agreements (software/hardware), software licensing, reseller agreements et al for various multinational and local corporations including a Temasek-linked technology corporation, a major payment systems provider in the financial industry, performing arts venues etc.
  • Acted in drafting a Sale and Purchase Agreement along with all related documentation in relation to the sale of renal dialysis business.
  • Acted in drafting a Sale and Purchase Agreement along with all related documentation in relation to the sale of technology related services in the payment industry from a Singapore party to a German party.
  • Acted in due diligence in a major proposed acquisition in the Food and Nutrition industry.
  • Acted as Singapore counsel in the corporate restructuring and related due diligence exercise for a major beverage corporation.
  • Advised on an alliance joint venture agreement involving two major airlines.
  • Advised on a major joint venture agreement involving the joint provision of TSM services.
  • Advised on a shareholder agreement refresh involving shareholders in the financial industry in relation to a joint venture company.
  • Advised and negotiated Master Service Agreement, Software License Agreement and other documentation in relation to a major platform refresh exercise in the financial industry.
  • Advised and drafting relevant the relevant contractual documentation for a trade association in relation to data collection, aggregation, analysis and report generation.
  • Advised and drafting the relevant contractual documentation involving the operation of buses on Sentosa Island.
  • Advised on a major cross-border Joint Venture in the aviation industry involving an European MNC and an Asian MNC in relation to various documentation.
  • Advised and drafted Joint Venture and Alliance Agreement between major players in the financial industry.
  • Advised, reviewed and drafted a major collaboration agreement between e-services providers operating across Europe and in Asia. 
  • Advised and drafted various supply and warehouse agreements in relation to the import and export of goods for use in a local conglomerate.
  • Advised and Drafted Major Telecommunications Company in Malaysia Reseller Agreements, including putting in all relevant terms and conditions, from a customer as well as a merchant perspective.
  • Advised and drafted all critical documentation for a major payment services company in Singapore on the implantation of payments for various goods and services through kiosks, mobile and internet as well as advising on the creation of virtual accounts.
  • Drafted relevant documentation in relation to inter-connectivity between different payment systems and ensuring that clearing undertaken by different entities, including relevant security issues and service levels, the latter two as annexes.
  • Advised, drafted and managed the introduction of a proposed joint service relationship in the payment industry, including drafting all relevant documentation, including the joint service agreement, the merchant agreements, merchant acquiring agreement, terminal provision agreement, service level agreements and more. The project was aborted towards the end.
  • Advised and drafted Alliance and JV Agreement and all other related agreements for an alliance between three companies in the concrete and cement industry
  • Advised, reviewed and drafted on all forms of Airport and Aviation operations related agreements, including use of lounge services, maintenance agreements (including MROs), various types of lease agreements, codeshare agreements, block space agreements, framework agreements, integrated cooperation agreements, joint business agreements, and finance related documentation.
  • Advised, reviewed and drafted contracts relating to several tenders calling for a local agreement with the Government of Singapore to supply, deliver, install, test, commission of a fully Operational Command and Control System, with option for maintenance.
  • Advised and drafted MVNO agreements, including working on relevant submissions to obtain regulatory approvals.
  • Advised and drafted various service developmental project agreements, including working on relevant service level agreements, security template structures and more.
  • Regularly draft, review and advise on all forms of cooperation agreements, including joint venture agreements, shareholder agreements, alliance agreements, partnership agreements including all types of terms and conditions for purchases, sales, use of services, etc for various types of businesses in varying industries, including payment, mobile, technology, information services, data provision, manufacturing, food, and more.
  • Regularly review, draft and advise on warehouse and logistics agreements
  • Advised and drafted various forms of licensing and solutions partners’ agreements, master agency agreements, whether dual-party and multi-parties, consultancy agreements, co-brand agreements, merchant agreements, business continuity agreements, data protection agreements, maintenance agreements, settlement agreements involving corporations operating across borders as well as locally.
  • Regularly review and advise at length, including recommending modifications to tender documentation for various types of infrastructure bids.
  • Advised, reviewed and drafted agreements relating to CDCA Baby Bonus schemes unique to Singapore.
D. Corporate Governance Related Experience:

On corporate governance, Kala leads the Corporate Governance Practice she advised on the corporate governance requirements for China Aviation Oil (Singapore) Limited. She also set up the Financial Industries Disputes Resolution Centre, the umbrella body that handles disputes from the banking, insurance and securities industries, the Investor Relations Officers Association (Singapore), and the dispute resolution scheme for no injury accident claims for the General Insurance Association of Singapore.  She drafted the CG Code of the Maldives and continues to advise corporations in Singapore and across the region on governance and director issues.  She frequently advises on all forms of private M&A and general corporate agreements.  The Who’s Who of Leading Practitioners Singapore describes her as ‘highly active and very good’ and an ‘acknowledged authority in this field’ who holds a ‘number of very high profile positions’.  She has been consistently cited as a leading corporate governance lawyer over the last decade by international peer reviewed journals.  The team she leads has been voted Corporate Governance Law Firm of the Year by international pee reviewed publications.

  • Advising, reviewing and managing compliance programmes relating to corruption and bribery issues for local and multinational corporations on.
  • Advising local and multinational corporations on corruption and bribery and the implications under the Singapore Prevention of Corruption Act, the US FCPA and the UK Bribery Act
  • Advising extensively on business conduct matters, reviewing policies and conducting training across various ASEAN countries.
  • Advising on relevant board, governance and other issues in relation to a Reit.
  • Advised a listed corporation and its independent director on various governance issues as well as disclosure concerns.
  • Advised a listed company on insider dealing issues and reworking the relevant policies, as well as reviewing the corporate governance policies.
  • Set up a dispute resolution unit for the General Insurance Association of Singapore to manage non-injury accident claims between insurance companies.
  • Set up and drafted the terms of reference, constitution and all other relevant documentation for the constitution of the Financial Industry Dispute Resolution Centre, the primary dispute resolution centre for the securities, insurance and banking industries in Singapore.
  • Set up and drafted the terms of reference, constitution and all other relevant documentation for the constitution of the Investor Relations Association (Singapore).
  • Set up several entities in Singapore, by way of joint venture, corporations, limited liability partnerships and others for and on behalf of various multinational and foreign corporations.
  • Implemented Corporate Governance for the Bank of Maldives, the largest bank in the Maldives, and a listed company.
  • Drafted the Corporate Governance Code for Public Listed, Public and Private Companies in Maldives, including recommending amendments to other relevant legislation. Appointment made by the Capital Markets Development Authority and the Commonwealth Secretariat.
  • Acted in review of corporate governance practices and recommending changes to be implemented in China Aviation (Singapore) Oil Ltd.
  • Drafted extensive Whistleblowing Policies for various corporations including large multinational conglomerate.
  • Acted for listed company in putting together essential governance policies, including trading policy, disclosure policy and other codes of conduct.
  • Review and implementation of board appraisal processes, set-up of remuneration committees.
  • Acted for financial institution with international presence in putting together corporate governance policies and documentation. 
  • Acted for large listed company in putting together a director’s manual and conducting board and management trainings.
  • Acted for large private company in reviewing its corporate governance policies and recommending changes.
  • Acted for large listed company in reviewing audit questionnaire for review of board structure and constitution.
  • Acted for independent director of large private company in his initiative to review corporate governance standards in the company and provided recommendations for improvement and implementation.
  • Acted for several listed companies in setting up board committees, including advising on board composition and drafting terms of reference.
  • Advised insurance company on providing comments on the draft Code of Corporate Governance for the Insurance Industry when initially introduced confidentially to the insurance industry.
  • Advised boards of listed companies and private companies on the composition of the board and ensuring a balance of independence on the board.
  • Advised extensively on meaning of independence of board members and ascertaining whether specific directors do indeed pass the independence test so as to remain on the board.
  • Advised on the duties and responsibilities of the board as a whole, the members of the audit, nomination, and remuneration committees, and the different roles a director plays depending on which committee he sits on.
  • Advised foreign company on health and safety aspects of directors duties and responsibilities.
  • Advise on management roles and the inter-play with the board of directors.
  • Conducting detailed training session for large Malaysian bank on corporate governance principles and Basel II and recommending implementation methodologies.
  • Advised Indonesian companies on the dual board functioning, detailing duties and responsibilities and drafting corporate governance audit review questionnaire.
  • Acted for listed companies in preparation work leading to issuing of disclosure statement on compliance with Corporate Governance Code in the annual reports.
  • Advised on interested party transactions.
  • Advised and drafted employee contracts for director appointments as well senior management appointments for listed as well as non-listed companies.
  • Conduct extensive training for boards of listed and private companies on the role of directors and management, the duties and responsibilities, the division of powers, corporate governance compliance, corporate fraud, corporate governance implementation, board constitution etc.
  • Reviewing internal banking compliance systems and structures of foreign bank operating in Singapore and providing extensive advice on internal bank compliance requirements. 
  • Advised large Japanese bank on their compliance manuals, redrafting the manuals, suggesting modifications to internal compliance procedures and conducting extensive training.
  • Reviewing operation manuals of several foreign banks in Singapore.
  • Drafting extensive operations manual to ensure adequate risk management at all levels for foreign bank based in Singapore.
E. Employment Related Experience:

On Employment Law, described as ‘responsive, helpful and commercial’ by the AsiaPacific Legal 500 2013, Kala advises a number of multinational corporations on a regular basis in relation to their employment concerns, including employment agreements, executive compensation benefits payable, including options of differing forms such as ESOPs and LTIPs, termination and termination benefits, non-compete, restraints, implementing and reviewing employment handbooks and manuals, employment transfer issues, whistleblowing policies and implementation and more. Her team also coordinates employment law advice across the region for clients frequently. Kala has been cited as a leading Employment & Labour lawyer by international peer review legal ranking journals.

  • Acting in several matters involving the Central Provident Fund Board guiding and writing representations in relation to OW/AW, benefits payable, independent contractors and employees etc.
  • Acting for and advising numerous clients on Union related matters, including how and when to recognize unions, working with memorandum of understanding, negotiating collective agreements, reviewing different levels of employees and union recognition for them.
  • Acted in a major exercise involving employee transfers and secondments as a consequence of a sale transaction occurring at an international level.
  • Advise private, public and multinational companies extensively on employment related matters, including appointment, rights and duties of employees and employers, termination etc.
  • Advise extensively on review of benefits plans, including options, LTIPS, ESOPS and other form of equity packages.
  • Advise extensively on cross border employment concerns. 
  • Regularly advise on issues relating to termination of employees, including non-compete, restraint on trade, compensation issues etc.
  • Acted in more than one large restructuring and retrenchment exercises of companies, including advising on approach, drafting documentation and further advice on claims arising out of the retrenchment exercise.
  • Review and structure the appointment of a senior level employees of corporations operating across several Asian countries.
  • Regularly draft employment agreements for employees at multiple levels.
  • Drafting cross border employment agreements.
  • Review, advise and draft various forms of employment and HR Manuals and Whistleblowing policies.
F. Regulatory – Environmental, Health & Safety Related Experience:

On Environmental, Health & Safety (EHS) issues, Kala has been involved in a number of advisory and due diligence projects, including in relation to the sale of the three Electricity Generation Companies in Singapore.  She also advises extensively in a variety of matters involving EHS matters, from poisons to hazardous substances, from facility permits and licensing requirements to all forms of air, water, land and noise pollution issues, including advising Boards on such regulatory matters.   Her experience in this area extends to advising on specific health product licensing requirements, liaising with regulators on a variety of issues, and generally assisting with structuring transactions to ensure compliance.  She also regularly advises on the regulatory and licensing requirements in relation to food products.  Increasingly carbon emissions and trading issues are an area that she touches on. Kala is only one of a very select few who has been repeatedly cited as a leading Environmental lawyer by international legal ranking journals.

  • Advised on noise pollution issues in relation to the future operations of the Sports Hub in Singapore.
  • Advised Numonyx Pte Ltd on their key environmental discharge, including effluents, air and noise pollution concerns.
  • Acted for Fortis Global Healthcare Mauritius Limited, a subsidiary of Fortis Healthcare Limited, on all health and other licensing and permit requirements as a prelude to and following their acquisition.
  • Advised Pfizer Inc. in its acquisition of Wyeth, both major pharmaceutical corporations, on all environmental and health related related permit requirements.
  • Acted as Singapore counsel on all oermit and licensing requirements in relation to the share purchase transaction between the Lonza Group in Singapore and the Genentech Inc.
  • Advised various bidders (including the successful bidder, Lion Power Consortium, which included Marubeni and GDF, for the sale of the Senoko Pte Ltd), one of the larger Generation companies sold) on all 3 acquisitions of the Generation Companies in Singapore, which were sold by Temasek Holdings in relation to the environmental issues surrounding the acquisition of the three Generation Companies sale by Temasek Holdings.
  • Advised large manufacturing plant on soil and ground water contamination, and steps to take to remedy the problem.
  • Advised several foreign corporations on health and safety aspects of directors duties and responsibilities. 
  • Preparation of Reports on all aspects of health care and pharmaceutical laws, including licensing, renewals, on-going compliance issues, disposals for various clients from time to time
  • Preparation of Reports on all aspects on Environmental laws ranging from air, water, chemicals, hazardous substances, emergency spills, training, and other EHS issues for several different clients.
  • Preparation of Reports on all aspects of poisons, hazardous substances, medicinal products etc for several different clients.
  • Involved in environmental due diligence for wafer fabrication plant acquisition in Singapore by US entity, in the acquisition of semi-conductor manufacturing plant and in manufacturing plant acquisitions.
  • Involved in advising on waste management systems.
  • Advised various banks on lender liability issues.
  • Advised various parties on environmental compliance matters.
  • Advised on environmental licensing issues.
  • Advised on incorporation of and drafting suitable environmental law warranties and indemnities in joint venture and acquisition agreements. 
  • Involved in initial discussions on promulgation of regulations for the control and prevention of land pollution.
Memberships/Directorships
Notable Current Appointments/Memberships/Directorships
  • Board Member, Building and Construction Authority, 2013 - 2016
  • Deputy Chairman, Workplace Safety And Health Council, 2016 – Current. Member since 2008. Also member of predecessor Ministry of Manpower Workplace Safety And Health Advisory Committee, 2005 – 2007.
  • Chairperson, Engagement & Outreach Committee, WSHC, 2008 – Current. Also Chairperson Engagement & Publicity Sub-Committee, WSHAC, 2006 – 2008.
  • Member, Competition Commission of Singapore Roundtable, 2006 to current.
  • Member, National Transplant Ethics Committee (HOTA), 2009 – Current.
  • Director, Singapore Institute of Legal Education, 2010 – 2014
  • Co-Chair, Continuing Professional Development Committee, SILE – Academy of Law, 2011 – Current.
  • Co-Chair, Working Party on Mandatory Legal Education, SILE – Academy of Law, 2010 – 2011.
  • Member, Singapore Institute of Legal Education Committee, Academy of Law – 2010
  • Governing Council Member, Director & Fellow, Singapore Institute of Directors, March 2003 – December 2014. Member since 2001.
  • Member, Review Committee appointed by Council of Corporate Disclosure and Governance under the Ministry of Finance, 2004 – 2005.
  • Chairperson, Corporate Practice Committee of Law Society of Singapore, 2005 to 2008; Member since 1999 and continuing as Member.
Publications
Books Authored
  • ASEAN Competition Law – General Editor (Joint) and Author (Published by Lexis-Nexis) 2011 and updated 3 times a year.
  • Corporate Governance – Practice & Issues (Published by Academy of Law) 2009.
  • Competition Law in Singapore – Principles, Practice & Procedure (Published by Lexis-Nexis) 2006 
    (Co-Author).
  • Corporate Governance Compliance – CCH 2006 (Co-Author).
  • Woon’s on Corporations Law – Lexis-Nexis 2006 (Co-Author and continuing loose-leaf update).
  • Basic Essential of Corporate Governance – Students Edition 2004 (Published by Butterworths-Lexis).
  • The Nuts & Bolts of the US Singapore Free Trade Agreement 2004 (Published by IE Singapore, Singapore Business Federation and Rajah & Tann).
  • The Practitioner’s Guide to Corporate Governance in Asia – A Commentary on the Critical Issues of Corporate Governance in Asia, 2004 (Published by ISI Publications, HK).
  • Corporate Governance Compliance, 2003 – A 1200 page looseleaf book (This book was an update of the 1st book on Corporate Governance by this author in Singapore – see item 6 below) (Published by Butterworths-Lexis).
  • Professional Liability in Singapore and Malaysia — Accountants and Auditors, 2003 (Published by CCH Pte Ltd).
  • Corporate & Securities Law in Singapore Comparative Analysis Series 2002 – Primary Editor & Co-Author (Published by CCH Pte Ltd):
  • Securities And Futures Act 2001
  • Financial Advisers Act 2001
  • Singapore Code on Take-Overs and Mergers.
  • Halsbury’s Laws of Singapore Banking and Finance Volume, 2002 - Co-Author (Published by Butterworths-Lexis).
  • Corporate Governance – A Practical Approach, 2001 (1st book in Singapore) (Published by Butterworths-Lexis).
  • Law and Practice of Bankruptcy in Singapore and Malaysia, 1999 (Only book in Singapore) (Published by Butterworths-Lexis).
  • Doing Business in Singapore by Allen & Gledhill (Primary Editor), published by Juris Publishing Inc, 1998.
  • Butterworths Annotated Statutes of Singapore – Bankruptcy Act, 1997 (Only book in Singapore) (Published by Butterworths-Lexis).
  • Bills of Sale in Singapore and Malaysia, 1995 (Only book in Singapore) (Published by Butterworths-Lexis).
  • The Company Secretary’s Manual – Thomson Publishers, 1997 - Co-Author.
  • The Singapore Employment Manual – AsiaLaw & Practice, 1996 - Co-Author.
  • Environmental Law Handbook 1996/7.
Chapters Written For International / Singapore Books
  • Merger Control Worldwide – Edited by Maher Dabbah and Paul Lasok QC – Cambridge University Press.
  • Anti-Cartel Enforcement Worldwide – Edited by Maher Dabbah and Berry Hawk – Cambridge University Press.
  • Reforming Corporate Governance in South East Asia – Published by Institute of South East Asian Studies in 2005 – Edited by Ho Khai Leong.
  • International Financial Markets Guide 2004 – Singapore Chapter (Published by Lexis-Nexis Butterworths UK).
  • The Role Of Independent Directors – Chapter On Who Can Become An Independent Director, 2003 – Co-Published by the Malaysian Institute of Corporate Governance and the Malaysian Securities Exchange Commission.
  • Singapore Civil Procedure – The White Book 2003 – Several Orders – Co-Author (Published by Sweet & Maxwell).
  • Corporate Governance: An Asia-Pacific Critique, 2002 – Author of Singapore Chapter and Co-Author of Malaysian Chapter (Published by Sweet & Maxwell).
  • Regulation of Foreign Banks – United States and International – 2nd Edition (1997) and 3rd Edition (2000).
  • Singapore Chapter in International Survey Of Investment Adviser Regulations published by Kluwer Law International in 1999 - Co-Author.
  • International Insolvency (Published by Juris Publishing) – co-authored Singapore chapter, 1998.
  • BNAI’s International Taxation of Low-Tax Jurisdictions (1998).
  • Bank of America’s Guide to Petrochemicals in Asia (1997).
  • Banking, Securities, and Finance Laws for Blueflag, published electronically on the Internet by Linklaters & Paines in 1998, and which is updated regularly.
  • Laws On Funds, published electronically on the Internet by Linklaters & Paines in 1999, and which is updated regularly.
  • Laws Employee Share Option Schemes, published electronically on the Internet by Linklaters & Paines in 1999, and which is updated regularly.
Papers / Articles Written & Seminars Presented At
  • Written numerous articles for various local and foreign publications in her areas of expertise.
  • Presented papers at numerous seminars across the world on my areas of expertise.