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Francis Xavier, SC, PBM

Regional Head, Dispute Resolution
Partner, Rajah & Tann Singapore LLP

Practice Area:

International Arbitration
Treaty Arbitration
Commercial Litigation
Banking & Finance Disputes
Energy & Resources

Senior Counsel, Supreme Court of Singapore
Solicitor, Supreme Court of England and Wales
Chartered Arbitrator, CiArb
Fellow, Chartered Institute of Arbitrators , UK
Fellow, Singapore Institute of Arbitrators
Fellow, Singapore Academy of Law
Fellow, The Malaysian Institute of Arbitrators
Panel of Arbitrators, Singapore International Arbitration Centre
Panel of Arbitrators, Singapore Institute of Arbitrators
Panel of Arbitrators, Kuala Lumpur Regional Centre for Arbitration,
Panel of International Arbitrators, Kigali International Arbitration Centre, Rwanda

T +65 6232 0551
E francis.xavier@rajahtann.com

Francis is Regional Head, Disputes Practices of the firm and was appointed Senior Counsel in January 2009. He practices in the areas of international and treaty arbitration and cross-border commercial litigation.  

He is actively involved in corporate and commercial disputes especially in the areas of corporate, banking, property, financial and investment related claims. He is currently acting for an Australian energy entity in a billion dollar dispute against an Indonesian conglomerate, being the first case to be heard before the newly minted Singapore International Commercial Court. He also specialises in aviation law and advised in the class-action suit resulting from the crash of the SilkAir flight in Indonesia and the Taiwan SIA crash.

He is currently sitting as party-nominated arbitrator of a Mauritius entity in a bilateral investment treaty (ICSID) dispute with the Government of India. He is also counsel for an Asean government in an ICSID arbitration involving a European state investor.

He is a Chartered Arbitrator and is also on the Panel of Arbitrators of the Singapore International Arbitration Centre, the Kuala Lumpur Regional Centre for International Arbitration, the Kigali International Arbitration Centre (Rwanda) and the CiArb (UK) Panel of Arbitrators. He is presently the Chairman of the Singapore CiArb.

Francis has been recognised as a leading lawyer by Asia Pacific Legal 500 (from 2001 to 2016), AsiaLaw Profiles (2007), Asia Law leading lawyers (2009), Chambers Global (2010 to 2016), Global Arbitration Review (2010), Chambers Asia Pacific (2011 to 2015) and the Fifth Edition of Best Lawyers in Singapore Practice area of Litigation (2013). Francis is also recognized as a leading employment lawyer by the latest edition of Chambers Asia Pacific (2014).

Experience

He is currently sitting as party-nominated arbitrator of a Mauritius entity in a bilateral investment treaty (ICSID) dispute with the Government of India.  He is also counsel for an Asean government in an ICSID arbitration involving a European state investor.

Francis has been recognised as a leading lawyer by Asia Pacific Legal 500 (from 2001 to 2016), AsiaLaw Profiles (2007), Asia Law leading lawyers (2009), Chambers Global (2010 to 2016), Global Arbitration Review (2010), Chambers Asia Pacific (2011 to 2016) and the Fifth Edition of Best Lawyers in Singapore Practice area of Litigation (2013).  Francis is also recognized as a leading employment lawyer by the latest edition of Chambers Asia Pacific (2014).  Francis is also listed as best lawyer in litigation practice in the 2017 edition of Best Lawyers International (2015-2017).

Francis was recognized in the National Day Awards 2014 by the Singapore Academy of Law for his role as Chairman of the Academy’s Junior College Law Program and Vice-Chairman of the Committee of Legal Education and Studies.

He currently holds the following appointments:
  • Chairman, Listings Appeals Committee, Singapore Stock Exchange.
  • Chairman, Singapore Branch of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (UK).
  • Jurisdictional Council Member representing Singapore, Inter Pacific Bar Association.
  • Deputy Chairman of the Law Society Inquiry Panel.
  • Member, Council of Law Reporting, Singapore Academy of Law.
  • Member, Users’ Council, Singapore International Arbitration Centre.
  • Faculty member, Approved Faculty List of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (UK).
  • Member, Professional Affairs Committee, Professional Values Chapter, Singapore Academy of Law.
  • Member, International Promotion of Singapore Law Committee, Singapore Academy of Law.
  • LSAS Panel of Arbitrators, Law Society Arbitration Scheme.
  • Member, Complaints Panel of the Singapore Pharmacy Council.
  • Chairman, Junior College Law Conference Organising Committee, Singapore Academy of Law.
  • Honorary Auditor, ASEAN Law Association
Previous Appointments
  • Vice Chairman, Committee on Legal Education and Studies, Singapore Academy of Law (2015).
  • Member, Executive Committee of the Council of the Law Society (2008).
  • Chairman, Law Society Regulatory Oversight Committee (2008).
  • Member, Ad Hoc Committee to Review Rule 31, Legal Profession (Professional Conduct) Rules (PCR) (2008).
  • Member, Finance Committee (2008).
  • Law Society Council Representative, Civil Practice Committee (2008).
  • Chairman, Motor Insurance Practice Review Committee of the Law Society of Singapore (2006/2007).
  • Chairman, Entrapment Practice Review Committee of the Law Society of Singapore (2007 to 2009).
  • Member, Sub-Committee to the Corporate Practice Committee of the Law Society to Review Proposed Legal Changes on Insider Dealing (February 2001).
  • Member, Continuing Legal Education Committee of the Law Society of Singapore (1999 to 2001).
  • Member, Advocacy Committee of the Law Society of Singapore (from 1995 to 2006).
  • Member, Criminal Law Special Assignments Committee of the Law Society of Singapore (from 1989 to 2001).
  • Appointed to the Independent Committee of Investigation (ICI), National Technological University.
  • Appointed to the Law Society Audit Committee.
  • Nominated by the Minister for Law (pursuant to s48 of the Legal Profession Act) to serve on the Council, Law Society of Singapore from 1 January 2005 until 31 December 2008.
Latest Rankings
  • Ranked lawyer, Chambers Global (2016).
  • Leading laywer in Singapore, Asialaw Leading Lawyers (2016).
  • Ranked as Band 2 in Singapore, Dispute Resolution Chambers Asia-Pacific, 2016.
  • Listed as Best Lawyer in Litigation practice, 2017 edition of Best Lawyers International (2015 – 2017).
  • Labour & Employment February 2016 edition of Who’s Who Legal.
  • Leading international arbitration and dispute resolution lawyer, in Asia Pacific Legal 500 (2014 - 2016).
  • Leading employment lawyer Asia Pacific Chambers & Partners (2014).
  • Lawyer of the year 2014 for Cross-Border Commercial Litigation, Singapore Corporate LiveWire (2015)
Awards
  • Public Service Medal Award, National Day Awards, 23 November 2014 (for his role in the Committee of Legal Education and Studies).
  • Merit Award, Singapore Academy of Law, November 2013.
  • Criminal Legal Aid Scheme, Volunteer Award, Law Society of Singapore (2007).
  • Leow Chia Heng Prize, Law Faculty, NUS (1988).
  • Allen & Gledhill Scholarship, Law Faculty, NUS (1987).
  • Tan Siak Kee Memorial Prize, Law Faculty, NUS (1986).
  • Law Society Book Prizes, Law Faculty, NUS (1985 and 1986).
  • ASEAN Scholarship, Singapore Public Service Commission (1982).
Publications / Articles / Conferences
A. Articles
  • General Editor and Contributor, “Civil Litigation in Singapore” to be published in 2016 by Sweet & Maxwell.
  • Co-author, article on “A Presumption in the Implied Choice of Law Governing Arbitration Agreements? SulAmerica Reconsidered in Singapore” published in 2016 Bangladesh International Arbitration Centre 5th Anniversary book.
  • Co-author, article on “When is recourse available to the Singapore Courts for an anit-arbitration injunction?” published on 30 September 2015 Expert Guides, Thought leadership From Experts.
  • Co-author, article on ‘The Issue of Extra-Territoriality in Securities Litigation: A Comparative View’ published in 2011 Bloomberg Finance L.P. in the Vol. 4, No. 6 edition of the Bloomberg Law Reports – Asia Pacific.
  • Co-author, article on ‘The Rome Convention Dealing with Damages Caused By Foreign Aircraft to Third Parties’ published in Rajah & Tann’s Lawlines, (Volume 9, Issue 2), June 2007.
  • Author, article on ‘The Impact of Free Trade Agreements on Labour Mobility’, published in the Law Gazette, December 2006.
  • Co-author, article on ‘Workplace Influenza Pandemic – Legal Boundaries and Best Practice’ published in Rajah & Tann’s Lawlines, (Volume 8 Issue 1), March 2006.
  • Co-author, article on the Singapore perspective – ‘Pandemics and the Workplace, A Regional Analysis’, being part of an Asian-wide publication coordinated by Johnson Stokes and Masters, January 2006.
  • Author, article on ‘Recent Developments In the Garnishment of Retention Monies’ published in Rajah & Tann’s Lawlines, (Volume 7 Issue 3), September 2005.
  • Author, article on ‘Drafting of Charges in Disciplinary Proceedings’ published in Rajah & Tann’s Lawlines, (Volume 4 Issue 2), May 2002.
  • Author. article on ‘The Domestic and International Arbitration Regimes in Singapore’ published in Rajah & Tann’s Lawlines, (Volume 3 Issue 3), September 2001.
  • Co-author, article on ‘An Overview of Arbitration Internationally and in Singapore’ published in the Singapore Law Gazette, August 2001.
  • Co-author, article on ‘Arbitration as a Method of Dispute Resolution’ published in Lawlines (Vol 3, Issue 1), December 2000.
  • Author, article on 'Disciplinary Proceedings in the Medical Profession' published in the Singapore Law Gazette, May 2000.
B. Books
  • Contributor of the Singapore Chapter, the International Comparative Legal Guide : Enforcement of Foreign Judgments 2016.
  • Contributor, Chapter on ‘Role of Court’ in  ‘Arbitration in Singapore : A Practical Guide’ published in Singapore by Sweet & Maxwell (2014 and 2015).
  • Contributor of the Singapore Chapter, Women, Business and the Law 2014 and 2015 : Removing Restrictions to Enhance Gender Equality (published by World Bank, IFC) .
  • Co-Author, Chapter on ‘Perspectives on Preserving Electronic Evidence when Litigation is Contemplated or has Commenced’ published in “International Conference on Electronic Litigation” (2012).
  • Contributor, 2nd Edition of the report entitled Women, Business and the Law 2012 : Removing Barriers to Economic Inclusion.
  • Contributor, Singapore Precedents of Pleadings (Sweet & Maxwell Asia, 2006 Edition).
  • Co-author – Chapter on Business Torts and Business Crimes in the Law of Rights and Obligations of Business in Singapore, Singapore Business Development Series (1996 Edition, Addison –Wesley).
  • Co-Editor, 25th Anniversary Publication on the Historical Development of the Law Society of Singapore, 1995.
  • Specialist Editor – Mallal’s Digest of Malaysian and Singapore Case Law (Fourth Edition – 1991) – Volume 5 (Criminal Procedure).
Career Accolades
  • “Head of the regional disputes practice, Francis Xavier SC is recognised as an "excellent lawyer." He recently represented the original claimants in an Indonesian coal upgrading plant dispute with multi-jurisdictional elements, including concurrent Australian litigation”.
    - Chambers Asia Pacific, 2015
  • “Francis Xavier SC heads the dispute resolution team and is particularly well honed where banking and finance matters are concerned. He recently acted for Standard Chartered Bank, defending it against claims of alleged misrepresentation brought by customers whose money had been invested in funds associated with disgraced financier Bernie Madoff. Clients extol him as "savvy, charismatic and a superb problem solver. He understands the roots of problems, sees our objectives and figures out a way to reach them".
    - Chambers Asia Pacific, 2014
  • “Head of the dispute practice Francis Xavier SC focuses on issues arising in the corporate, banking and finance, investment and property spheres and is praised by clients for his "excellent relationship with the bench." He recently acted for White Energy and its subsidiary BCBC Singapore in a dispute with Bayan Resources and Bayan International, relating to a joint venture for processing coal in Indonesia”.
    - Chambers Global, 2014
  • [Rajah & Tann Singapore LLP] - “ a ‘high level of expertise’, and is noted for its ‘depth and work ethic’. Its very busy practice acts not only for a range of multinationals, but also across sectors from shipping to telecommunications. Andre Yeap SC leads the department and Francis Xavier SC ‘speaks with authority’.”
    - Asia Pacific Legal 500 (2014 Edition)
  • “ In terms of individual practice areas, Drew and R&T were banded 1 - the top ranking - in litigation. Drew's Mr Singh, Cavinder Bull, Jimmy Yim and Hri Kumar - all Senior Counsels - were named as key individuals, as were R&T's Senior Counsel Francis Xavier, Senior Counsel Andre Yeap and Mohammed Reza”.
    - Chambers Asia Pacific, 2013
  • With a ‘responsive’ and ‘pragmatic’ team, Rajah & Tann LLP is billed as ‘second to none’ for insolvency and dispute advisory work. Andre Yeap SC acted for the provisional liquidators of MF Global in a sanction by the High Court for the interim distribution of $350m of customers’ funds. Leading figure Eng Beng Lee SC has experience in judicial reviews. Francis Xavier SC heads the team, and Wei Na Sim was recently promoted to partner.
    - Asia Pacific Legal 500 (2013)
  • “Francis Xavier SC heads the litigation department and is highly thought of among Singaporean advocates. "He is honest, frank, very energetic, listens carefully, grasps things quickly and has a remarkable intellect and sense of logic," interviewees say. In a recent high-profile case he successfully argued for the appellant, Holcim (Singapore), on a commercial contract dispute”.
    - Chambers Global, 2013
  • ‘Key individual Francis Xavier is a prominent and talented member of the group. He led on the team’s representation of Holcim in one of the many disputes arising out of the Indonesian sand ban of 2007’.
    - Chambers Asia Pacific Guide, 2012
  • Rajah & Tann, the other law to share the award for international arbitration law firm of the year with Allen & Gledhill, was also said to possess a ‘brilliant and commercially savvy team.’ Impressive partner and senior counsel, Francis Xavier impressed international and domestic clients alike with his dedication, quick turn-around times and excellent communication skills.”
    - Asian Legal Business ISSUE 11.08
  • “Practice head Francis Xavier acted for Holcim in an appeal against the High Court decision relating to the 2007 Indonesian Sand Ban”.
    - Asia Pacific Legal 500 (2012 Edition) – Leading Individuals in Dispute Resolution
  • “Francis Xavier is a prominent and talented member of the group. He led on the team's representation of Holcim in one of the many disputes arising out of the Indonesian sand ban of 2007”.
    - Chambers Global, 2012
  • “Francis Xavier is a prominent and talented member of the group. He led on the team's representation of Holcim in one of the many disputes arising out of the Indonesian sand ban of 2007”.
    - Chambers Asia Pacific, 2011
  • “Francis Xavier SC "comes up with clever arguments and is well liked by the courts," revealed sources. He is particularly skilled in corporate disputes, particularly banking and investment cases”.
    - Chambers Asia Pacific, 2011
  • “The fast, commercially-minded’ team, led by Francis Xavier, appears in high-profile cases, notably representing the liquidators of Lehman Brothers entities across Asia.”
    - Asia Pacific Legal 500
    (2010/2011 Edition) – Leading Individuals in Dispute Resolution
  • “Fielding a ‘professional, efficient and high quality team’ of five senior counsel, including recently appointed practice head Francis Xavier…’
    - Asia Pacific Legal 500
     (2009/2010 Edition)
  • “Rajah & Tann LLP’s ‘leading litigation practice’ include six senior counsels and is headed by Francis Xavier.”
    - Asia Pacific Legal 500 (2008/2009 Edition)
  • Cited as key practitioner in labour and employment.
    - Asia Law Leading Lawyers 2009
  • Cited as a key practitioner in dispute resolution.
    - Asia Law and Practice Profiles 2007
  • ‘VK Rajah SC left Rajah & Tann to take the position as Judicial Commissioner of the High Court of Singapore in 2004. However, the continued presence of Francis Xavier, skilled in fraud and aviation matters, and Chandra Mohan, a contracts expert, means the firm retains litigators of commensurate aptitude’.
    - Asia Pacific Legal 500
    (2004/2005 Edition)
  • ‘Rajah & Tann acted for the Boeing Company in a class action suit taken out by the estates and dependent of the victims of the crash of Silk Air flight in Indonesia in 1997. Other highlights include advising on a case concerning banking secrecy in Singapore. The firm also acted on numerous cross-border disputes in Asia.
    Francis Xavier is also building an excellent name for quick and clear advice in litigation matters’.
    - Asia Pacific Legal 500
    (2003/2004 Edition)
  • ‘Rajah & Tann has a strong focus on debt restructuring and insolvency cases. Head of practice VK Rajah SC, Francis Xavier and Chong Boon Leong are all experienced. Highlights include advising a major oil producer on the enforcement of a US$260 million arbitration award, and an ongoing dispute between two listed electronics companies in Singapore in relation to misuse of trade secrets and breach of fiduciary duty’.
    - Asia Pacific Legal 500, The Guide to Asia’s Commercial Law Firms
    (2002/2003 Edition)
Deals List
A. Reported Judgments
  • Teleoptik-Ziroskopi and others v Westacre Investments Inc and other appeals [2016] SGCA 51
  • Shi Ka Yee v Nasraf Lucas Muzayyin & Anor [2016] SGHC
  • Koh Keng Chew and others v Liew Kit Fah and others [2016] SGHC 140
  • BCBC Singapore Pte Ltd and another v PT Bayan Resources TBK and another[2016] SGHC(I) 01
  • Abdul Rashid bin Abdul Manaf v Hii Yii Ann [2016] SGHCR 1
  • Nava Bharat (Singapore) Pte Ltd v Straits Law Practice LLC and another and another suit [2014] SGHC 194
  • Rafat Ali Rizvi v. The Republic of Indonesia (ICSID Case No. ARB/11/13)
  • Alliance Concrete Singapore Pte Ltd and Sato Kogyo (S) Pte Ltd [2014] SGCA 35
  • Law Society of Singapore v Udeh Kumar s/o Sethuraju [2013] SGHC 121
  • Kraze Entertainment (S) Ptd Ltd v Marina Bay Sands Pte Ltd [2013] SGHC 39
  • Teleoptik-Ziroskopi and others v Westacre Investments Inc and other appeals [2012] SGCA 8
  • Law Society of Singapore v  Andre Ravindran Saravanapavan Arul [2011] SGHC 224
  • Holcim (Singapore) Pte Ltd v Precise Development Pte Ltd [2011] SGCA 1
  • Ng Swee Hua v Auston International Group Ltd and another [2010] SGHC 362
  • Holcim (Singapore) Pte Ltd v Precise Development Pte Ltd [2011] SGCA 1
  • Management Corporation Strata Title Plan No. 301 of Grange Heights v Lee Tat Development Pte Ltd [2010] SGCA 39
  • The Law Society of Singapore v Jasmine Gowrimani d/o Daniel [2010] SGHC 143
  • The Law Society of Singapore v Aqbal Singh s/o Kuldip Singh and Another [2009] SGDT5.
  • Sports Connection Private Limited v Deuter Sports GmbH [2009] SGCA 22
  • Susilawati v American Express Bank Limited [2009] SGCA 8
  • Susilawati v American Express Bank Ltd [2007] SGHC 179.
  • Ting Sing Ning (alias Malcolm Ding) v Ting Chek Swee (alias Ting Chik Sui) and others [2007] SGCA 49.
  • Ting Sing Ning (alias Malcolm Ding) v Ting Chek Swee (alias Ting Chik Sui) and others [2006] SGHC 192.
  • ECRC Land Pte Ltd (in liquidation) v 1.  Christopher Wing On Ho  2.  Shum Sze Keong  3.  Lee Yen Kee Ruby  4.  Paul Law Kwok Fai  5.  E-Zone (Plaza) Pte Ltd  6.  The Grande Group Limited  7.  East Coast Works Pte Ltd  8.  Hong Kong Aberdeen Seafood Restaurant Pte Ltd 9.  Nakamichi Pte Ltd  10.  Café A1 Fresco Pte Ltd [2006] SGCA 25.
  • CHS CPO GmbH and Another v Vikas Goel and Others [2006] SGHC 49.
  • CHS CPO GmbH (in bankruptcy) and Another v Vikas Goel and Others [2005] 3 SLR 202; [2005] SGHC 74.
  • ECRC Land Pte Ltd (in liquidation) v 1.  Christopher Wing On Ho  2.  Shum Sze Keong  3.  Lee Yen Kee Ruby  4.  Paul Law Kwok Fai  5.  E-Zone (Plaza) Pte Ltd  6.  The Grande Group Limited  7.  East Coast Works Pte Ltd  8.  Hong Kong Aberdeen Seafood Restaurant Pte Ltd 9.  Nakamichi Pte Ltd  10.  Café A1 Fresco Pte Ltd [2004] 1 SLR 105.
  • Leow Tiak Cheow & Anor v Pan-United Industries Pte Ltd [2003] 1 SLR 569.
  • 1.  Irawan Darsono  2.  Arhawishanto International Holdings Pte Ltd v Ong Soon Kiat  [2002] 4 SLR 84.
  • Sim Yew Thong v Ng Loy Nam Thomas and other appeals [2000] 4 SLR 193.
  • Chan Chim Yee v Public Prosecutor [2000] 2 SLR 1.
  • The Law Society of Singapore v Khushvinder Singh Chopra [1999] 4 SLR 775.
  • Niranjan M. Lilani v Devadas Naidu & Anor [1999] 4 SLR 418.
  • R. Mahendran & Anor v R. Arumuganathan [1999] 2 SLR 579.
  • Lau Song Seng & Ors v Public Prosecutor [1998] 1 SLR 663.
  • Mooka Pillai Rajagopal & Ors v Khushvinder Singh Chopra [1998] 1 SLR 186.
  • Sundara Moorthy Lankatharan v Public Prosecutor [1997] 3 SLR 464.
  • Sumitomo Bank Ltd v Kartika Ratna Thahir [1997] 1 SLR 690.
  • Essen System Builders (S) Pte Ltd & Anor v Chew Boon Hee [1997] 1 SLR 671.
  • Mookka Pillai Rajagopal & Ors v Khushvinder Singh Chopra [1996] 3 SLR 457.
  • Khushvinder Singh Chopra v Mookka Pillai Rajagopal & Ors [1996] 2 SLR 379.
  • Alrich Development Pte Ltd v Rafiq Jumabhoy [1995] 2 SLR 401.
  • Ramond Selva Clement v Public Prosecutor [1994] 3 SLR 515.
  • Kartika Ratna Thahir v PT Pertambangan Minyak dan Gas Bumi Negara (Pertamina) [1994] 3 SLR 257.
  • Public Prosecutor v Lee Twe Jeat [1994] 3 SLR 219.
  • Alrich Development Pte Ltd v Rafiq Jumabhoy [1994] 3 SLR 1.
  • Sumitomo Bank Ltd v Kartika Ratna Thahir & Ors and another matter [1993] 1 SLR 735.
B. Unreported Judgments
  • Gavin James Millar v 1. Lee Hsien Loong 2. Lee Kuan Yew, judgment dated 9 July 2007 in Civil Appeal No. 70 of 2007.
  • 1. Flairis Technology Corporation Limited 2. Flairis Advanced Manufacturing Pte Ltd v 1. Gan Huan Kee 2. Chan Tien Seng 3. Khong Soo Har @ Khong Fan Kee 4. Wong Kwok Ping, judgment dated 29 May 2002 of J Lai Siu Chiu in Suit No. 723 of 2001/A.
  • Sutjiawang Johanis Alias Tjia Eng Liong v Tjia Eng Soei, judgment dated 30 April 2002 of J Rubin in Suit No. 600025 of 2000.
  • Finnian Tseng Cheng Yao & anor v Tan Kah Imm, judgment dated 15 November 1999 of JC Amarjeet Singh in OS No. 735 of 1998.
  • Ismail Bin Sumali v Public Prosecutor, judgment dated 23 September 1994 of J Chao Hick Tin in CRA16 of 1994.
  • Re Arthur Leolin Price, QC, judgment dated 21 December 1994 of JC K S Rajah in OM 109 of 1994.
  • Boldward Enterprises Pte Ltd v Hitachi Zosen Singapore Limited, judgment dated 9 July 1997 of J Rubin in Suit No 865 of 1994.
  • Management Corporation Strata Title Plan No. 964 v Gordon Industrial Land Pte Ltd & Anor, judgment dated 19 April 1995 of J Goh Joon Seng in Suit No. 258 of 1994 (RA 222 of 1994).
  • Management Corporation Strata Title Plan No. 964 v Gordon Industrial Land Pte Ltd & Anor, judgment dated 19 April 1995 of J Goh Joon Seng in Suit No. 258 of 1994 (RA 222 of 1994).
  • Fritz Karl Schnell & Anor v Thomas Edward Dorn & Ors, judgment dated 30 May 1997 of J Lai Siu Chiu in Suit No 2140 of 1993.
  • Public Prosecutor v Supramaniam A/L P Palani And Anor, judgment dated 27 April 1994 of JC Amarjeet Singh in Criminal Case No. 19 of 1992.
  • Public Prosecutor v 1. Yacob S/O Rusmatullah 2. Mohamad Jaffar Bin Abidin, judgment dated 17 July 1993 of JC Amarjeet Singh in Criminal Case No. 15 of 1992.
  • Public Prosecutor v 1) Tan Chee Hwee 2) Soon Kin Liang Joseph @ Sun Jianliang Joseph, judgment dated 31 October 1992 of JC Rubin in Criminal Case No 12 of 1991.